For companies across all industries, 2013 brought a number of challenges that significantly impacted supply chains and presented even greater uncertainty around the state of the transportation industry. Shippers were forced to adapt to a slowly recovering economy and increased regulatory mandates, compounded by the continued pressure to cut costs and maintain — if not improve — service performance levels, all while effectively planning for the future.
As we head into 2014, it is important for organizations to recognize the issues that could impact supply chains in the next year, and identify opportunity areas within their transportation operations to remain competitive and adapt to changes in the marketplace. Outlined below are what many supply chain professionals are anticipating as the greatest logistics challenges heading into 2014, along with strategies and best practices for creating a more agile and resilient supply chain that can adapt and thrive in today’s uncertain and demanding marketplace.
Challenges impacting the supply chain
- Increased regulatory mandates: The impact of the sweeping regulatory mandates that will come into effect in the next few years will continue to greatly influence the transportation industry. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA) standards and new hours of service (HOS) rules will compound preexisting capacity challenges due to the reduction in fleet productivity. Shippers will be forced to change their logistics strategies to avoid cost increases and avoid disruptions in the transportation of goods.
- Tightening of capacity: While the economy has been slow to rebound, there have been several indicators of modest recovery as retail sales grew to $183.1 billion in Oct. 2013 — hitting a new all-time high, according to a Nov. 20 Reuters report. Manufacturing is also up year-over-year and auto sales reached their highest levels since Feb. 2007. If this trend continues, companies could see a tightening of capacity during produce season in late April and early May, extending into the summer months. Capacity constraints will be further exacerbated due to productivity lost because of regulatory mandates such as CSA and HOS.
- Increasing customer demands: More than ever, companies are looking at the supply chain as a significant opportunity for cost savings. As a result, many forward-thinking retailers are putting processes in place to create more efficient, cost-effective supply chains. These retailers are implementing supplier compliance initiatives with tight delivery windows — including penalties for not delivering shipments on-time — adding increased complexity to the supply chain for consumer packaged goods (CPG) companies. The challenge of adapting to the changing customer demands is compounded by the push for CPG companies to become lean and cut costs within their own operations.
Capitalizing on Supply Chain Optimization Opportunities
There will be tremendous opportunity in 2014 for companies to evaluate their transportation operations and develop strategies that address current pain points and prepare for future challenges. There are a number of best practices shippers can establish in their supply chain, including:
- Consolidation and mode shifts: Shippers should examine their transportation network and identify opportunities to consolidate shipments and expand their mode utilization. This can not only be an effective strategy to reduce transportation costs, but also continued conversion of truck freight to intermodal will help shippers be better positioned when truckload capacity becomes tight.
- Become the shipper of choice: The relationship between a shipper and its carrier network can be critical to achieving and maintaining quality, efficient supply chain operations. Shippers should make it a priority to become the top choice for carriers by evaluating their transportation management processes and measure what value they bring to their serving carrier community. Companies should implement carrier (ultimately driver)-friendly policies, market-competitive fuel surcharge programs and, ideally, consistent/planned freight volumes, and be collaborative with their carriers and encourage innovation to reduce innate inefficiencies.
- Collaborative shipping opportunities: With many of the traditional methods of establishing strong, efficient processes exhausted, shippers are looking for alternative methods to drive better results. As a result, companies have been more willing to engage in collaborative shipping as a way to deliver cost savings, improve customer service and make a sustainability impact.
- Work with a logistics provider: In the face of rising costs and increased customer demands, many shippers are partnering with a third party logistics (3PL) provider to optimize their transportation management. An effective 3PL partner relationship can offer shippers a wider range of transportation network options, as well as strong expertise regarding transport lanes and modes, knowledge about federal and state regulations and a range of technology-based solutions tailored specifically to their needs. In the world of “majors and minors” — this is a 3PL’s “major” — logistics is their business.
While 2014 will have its challenges, forward-thinking companies that invest in the right processes, technology solutions and partnerships will be in a position to successfully navigate current and future challenges in the coming year and beyond.
Matthew Menner is SVP of strategic account management at Transplace. He has more than 20 years of direct transportation and logistics industry experience. Currently, Menner is responsible for the strategic and commercial leadership of Transplace’s 80 core transportation management customers (services and technology).